Lessons from the Life of David -- #9

David teaches us about Forgiveness


Last time we read 2 Sam 11 and saw Davidís fall into sin with Bathsheba.That is only half the story, of course, in chapter 12 David is confronted by the prophet Nathan, and repents.Read 2 Sam 12:1-25.


It could be dangerous for anyone to tell a king he was wrong.What method did Nathan use to get David to see his own sin?


What does Nathan say to show that Godís forgiveness was complete?


Why then did the child that was born have to die?


How did David act which showed he understood that Godís forgiveness was complete?


David wrote another psalm after these events.Perhaps during the week described in 2 Sam 12:16-17.The psalm is Psalm 51.This psalm teaches us about sin and forgiveness.It is a psalm that should be well-known by every Christian, since our message to others is one of repentance and forgiveness (Lk 24:47).

Psalm 51

1.What is mercy, and what is the most important work God does out of his mercy? (See Eph 2:4,5)



1.On what basis does David feel he has a chance at receiving mercy from God?



1.The Hebrew word translated as "blot out" is the one used for erasing what is written down.Does God really erase our sins?†† See Jeremiah 31:34


3.In what way was David's sin always before him?

(Psalm 32:3-5 are verses David may have written in connection with this sin also.)Have you ever done something wrong, and your conscience kept bothering you, forcing you to think about it day and night?



4.Why does David say that it was only against God that he had sinned?See 2 Cor 5:10 and Rom 14:9-12.Also compare Joseph's words in Gen 39:7-9.



5.This verse teaches the doctrine of original sin.Some other passages which also teach this are Gen 8:21, John 3:6, Job 14:4, Ps 58:3, Eph 2:3c. (You may wish to keep a list of such passages in your Bible to be prepared to defend the teaching of infant baptism some day.)


6.What concerns God more than our external actions?



7.When an Old Testament believer became defiled, perhaps by touching a dead body, or by touching a leper, he went to the priest to be cleansed.The priest performed a ceremony in which he sprinkled the person by dipping a hyssop plant in water and shaking the water off on the person.David wants God to do this to him.


7.See Ex 12:22†† The hyssop was used in ceremonies of forgiveness since at least what time?


8.How does God crush us, and how does he let us hear joy and gladness, after we have committed some sin?



8.If God has forgiven us for sins we have committed, why do we sometimes continue to have a guilty conscience about those sins?




10. Having confessed his sins, David now asks for a clean heart.What promise do we all have in regard to confessing our sins before God?See 1 John 1:9




10-12. David prays that the Holy Spirit would not leave him, showing he understood that God's Spirit lives in his children.What three gifts of the Holy Spirit are mentioned in verses 10b and 12?





13-15. David prays for the Lord's help in telling others.What help can we be assured of if we feel unsure of ourselves or too insecure to tell others about what God has done for us?See Rom 8:26



16. If God did not delight in all those Old Testament sacrifices, why did he command the people to do them?



16-17. Do we as New Testament believers make sacrifices to God?


What New Testament sacrifices are we told to offer?


††††††††††† a) Heb 13:15


††††††††††† b) Heb 13:16


††††††††††† c) Rom 12:1-2


††††††††††† d) Phil 4:14-18



17. How must we offer the above named sacrifices, or they too, will not be acceptable?



17.What example did Jesus give of a strong-willed person, and a person with a broken spirit?Which received forgiveness?




18. The walls of Jerusalem were not damaged during all of David's reign.Why do you think David prays that God would build them up?